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winter retreat (tō ango 冬安居)

Literally "tranquil" (an 安) "shelter" (go 居) during the "winter" (冬). Also called snow retreat (setsu ango 雪安居) or winter assembly (fuyue 冬會). The ninety day winter retreat, which is held in addition to the ninety day summer or rains retreat (u ango 雨安居, S. varśavāsa) that originated in ancient India, was probably an innovation of the Buddhist monastic order in Central Asia or China. →"retreat."