S. buddha, literally "awakened." 1. When used as a proper noun, "Buddha" refers to the Buddha Shakamuni, founder of the Buddhist religion in the present world cycle; see "Shakamuni." 2. A being who has attained unsurpassed supreme and perfect awakening (anokutara sanmyaku sanbodai 阿耨多羅三藐三菩提). In the Mahayana Buddhist tradition, there are countless buddhas of the past, present, and future, each presiding over his own buddha land.