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SOTOZEN-NET > Bibliotheque > Glossaire (Anglais) > three modes of karma

Glossaire (Anglais)


three modes of karma (sangō 三業)

The three modes of action: physical, verbal, and mental. Body (shin 身), speech (ku 口), and mind (i 意). Buddhist doctrine does not draw a fundamental distinction between thought and action. It regards thinking as a mode of doing (karma), albeit the most subtle and hard to control.